The Chelsea midfielder, who was voted Chelsea Players’ Player of the Year last season and named in the FIFPro World XI second team a few weeks ago, was finished in eighth place in the voting.
The France international became the first player to earn back-to-back Premier League winners’ medals with different teams when he added Chelsea’s triumph to that of Leicester City in 2015/16.
He beat Tottenham rival Harry Kane, who was named 10th after being named in the 30-man shortlist for the first time.
Manchester City’s Kevin De Bruyne is the Premier League best attacking midfielder with his 14th-place showing, as Kante’s Chelsea team-mate Eden Hazard finished in 19th place.
Two Liverpool players finish off the Premier League contingent, with Sadio Mane in 23rd and Philippe Coutinho in joint 29th alongside Dries Mertens.